What Is Your Attachment Style?Marital satisfaction is one of the deepest and the most basic human pleasures and should be established within the family environment; if not, couples might suffer emotionally. Several factors are involved, including attachment and lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between styles of attachment and lifestyle with marital satisfaction. The population in this study included all of the Bandar Abbas oil refining BAOR company employees, for a total of people couples. They were selected by multistage random sampling. The results indicate that attachment style and lifestyle factors can predict marital satisfaction. There was also a meaningful negative relationship between insecure attachment avoidant and insecure attachment anxious-ambivalent styles and marital satisfaction.
Marital satisfaction is one of the deepest and most basic human pleasures and should be established within the family environment; if not, couples might suffer emotionally if they quarrel or have conflict. As a result, the mental health of all family members may be threatened.
Marital dissatisfaction can thus affect the lives of all family members. In fact, marriage and divorce are not merely personal, but also collective matters 1. As such, satisfaction and love are considered important aspects of the family environment.
Marital satisfaction is defined as the pleasure derived from being aware of a comfortable situation, usually tied with satisfaction with specific marital desires. Couples experience marital satisfaction due to directional conscious feelings, such as friendship, and rational efforts.
Satisfaction is an acquired mood, which is acquired through social interactions and the development of mental states relative to other individuals 1. Marital satisfaction refers to how much a couple loves each other.
It also refers to a positive attitude toward married life. Satisfaction denotes an attitude variable; as a result, it is considered one personal characteristic of a couple. Although theorists have begun to examine the similarities between attachment theory and individual psychology, the major area of convergence between the two theories is that both acknowledge the importance of social interaction for the expression of these patterns 4. An attachment style refers to the relational behaviors that occur between the individuals and their primary caregivers to get their basic needs met initially and then to develop a schema or response set for interacting with the world and others around them.
Ainsworth and her associates experimentally defined three subgroupings of attachment relationships: secure, anxious-avoidant, and anxious-resistant or ambivalent attachment styles 4.
The most essential part of attachment theory lies in the hypothesis that the experiences of early relationships create active internal patterns in childhood, which affect future knowledge and relationships 9. In other words, this pattern is internalized and later generalized to establishing relationships with others Individual differences are internalized as active patterns that are associated with adult attachment orientations with distinct patterns of coping styles and emotional regulation strategies Accordingly, the attachment system activity is not limited to childhood.
Most research conducted in our country and abroad shows that there is a significant and positive correlation between secure attachment and marital satisfaction and a significant and negative relationship between insecure attachment styles and marital satisfaction 348 - 10 On the other hand, recent research suggests that lifestyle is an important factor influencing the level of marital satisfaction.
As a result, martially satisfied couples adopt a lifestyle based on cooperation and shared goals. Then, they experience marital satisfaction Lifestyle is a relatively fixed style by which couples achieve their goals. This remains relatively constant during adult life The methods by which couples express their closeness to each other are greatly influenced by the needs and expectations the couples have developed from their families 2. Personality style is one of the most important factors affecting intimacy between couples.
The differences in how families express emotions also lead to varying expectations regarding intimacy and love within these families 2. Penman referred to Waite and Gallagher findings, which showed that married couples have a healthier lifestyle, longer lifetime, and more sexual satisfaction 17 In a study conducted on styles of attachment and social skills in university students the results indicated that attachment styles predict social skills Adlerian theorists believe that lifestyle originates in the behavioral combinations that a child attempts to find a place in the family to get his or her needs met.
In the next phase of development, attachment behaviors become more organized into a working model of self and others, just as the private logic of the child the methods for solving problems and confronting the tasks of life is organized into a schema of apperception and eventually the lifestyle. From this working model, the individual defines the quality and nature of his or her affective, behavioral, cognitive, and physical development.
Therefore, this study attempted to assess the effect of early child-parent relationships in childhood on marriage based on attachment styles and lifestyles. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between styles of attachment and lifestyles with marital satisfaction, and this study is a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population included all employees at Bandar Abbas oil refining and distribution company Iran inwhich consisted of employees.
The sample size was determined using the following formula is the multiple correlation coefficient. The level of was equal to 0. In this study, the single-stage cluster random sampling method was used. For this purpose, all employees were divided into 5 clusters groups based on their location of residency the employees lived in five districts proportional to their working experience. Then, 86 subjects 43 couples were selected in each cluster using the simple random sampling method.
Prior to the implementation of the questionnaire, brief and necessary information was given to the subjects. The subjects had been assured that their information would be safe with the researcher.
in conflict is associated with higher relationship satisfaction may mediate the relationship between attachment styles and conflict . the closeness and connection couples feel toward one another single study to date examining this . and women's attachment styles and levels of intimacy as predictors. A sample of dating heterosexual couples (aged 17–30 yrs) completed questionnaires in order to examine the relevance of attachment styles, romantic. PDF | Background: Marital satisfaction is one of the deepest and the most basic human To date,. much of the empirical research suggests that attachment . Levels for Predictors in a Marital Satisfaction Model (Multiple Regression With a . On the other hand, a couple's harmonic attachment style.
After collecting the questionnaires, according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, 28 couples questionnaires were excluded and incomplete 11 couples and blank 30 couples questionnaires were excluded from the study; a total of questionnaires couples were analyzed due to the lack of cooperation of many subjects, and the lack cooperation of the husbands in particular.
The research tools included the revised adult attachment scale RAASlife style questionnaire LSQand the marital satisfaction scale. This scale was based on attachment theory. It consists of 18 items.The Power of (Secure) Love - Omri Gillath, PhD - TEDxOverlandPark
It was scored using a 5-point Likert scale. This questionnaire has three subscales: dependence, closeness, and anxiety. Finally, the subjects were divided into three groups based on the results: secure anxious and avoidant attachment styles. Questions 1, 6, 8, 12, 13, and 17 measure secure attachment, while questions 2, 5, 7, 14, 16, and 18 measure avoidant attachment and questions 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, and 15 measure anxious-ambivalent attachment.
Questions with an aster risk should be scored reversely. The scores of the 6 items of each scale were added together and the subscale scores were obtained. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0. Life style questionnaire LSQ : This questionnaire assesses lifestyle and consists of 10 factors, 70 questions on a Likert scale scored as never 0sometimes 1often 2and always 3.
Based on the factor analysis results, these 10 factors were extracted with eigenvalues greater than one. These factors explain Re-test and internal consistency were used to evaluate the reliability of the questionnaire. The reliability coefficients were obtained within a range from 0. In this study, the reliability of the LSQ was 0. The original version of the test has questions. Shorter forms were extracted to limit the length of the questionnaire. In this study, 47 items from the questionnaire was used.
The questions were scored ranging from 1 completely disagree to 5 completely agree. Several questions were reverse-scored. A high score indicates greater marital satisfaction.
Sanaei 20 calculated the reliability of the questionnaire using the test-retest method for men as 0. The reliability coefficients of the subscales were obtained within a range from 0. Alpha coefficients of the item short form questionnaire were respectively obtained as 0. The reliability of the marital satisfaction scale was 0. In this study, the K-S Test was used to assess the normality. SPSS 2. The significance level was set as 0.
Table 1 summarizes the demographic data on the subjects. As observed in the table, most of the participants in this study ranged from 30 to 40 years old and were married from 5 to 10 years. The correlation coefficients between the variables are shown in Table 2.
Implications for gender roles, relationship satisfaction, and attachment styles are discussed. Volume 3Issue 4. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Personal Relationships Volume 3, Issue 4.
JOHN D. Search for more papers by this author. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access.
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The Relationship Between Attachment Styles and Lifestyle With Marital Satisfaction
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A sample of dating couples completed questionnaires in order to examine the relevance of attachment styles, romantic beliefs, self?esteem, and gender. attachment styles were either amplified or attenuated depending on the insecure attachment negatively, with relationship satisfaction and other. Journal of Social different effects in married couples than in dating couples, the theoretical and practical .. Attachment styles and other predictors of relation- ship satisfaction. Attachment theory provides a conceptual framework for .. style. They found that the best predictors of adult attachment style were the participant's and forty-four dating couples were recruited as participants. others, in addition attachment style in a specific relationship was considered to be based.
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pp Jones, J.T. & Cunningham, J.D. (). Attachment styles and other predictors of relationship satisfaction in dating couples. Personal Relationships. Marital satisfaction refers to how much a couple loves each other. To date, much of the empirical research suggests that attachment is considerably . for Predictors in a Marital Satisfaction Model (Multiple Regression With a. A sample of dating couples completed questionnaires in order to examine the relevance of attachment styles, romantic beliefs, self-esteem.
Hamidi F. A study on the relationship between attachment styles. J Fam Res. Predicting at. J Psychol. Commitment: Functions. Formation, and the Securing of Romantic Attachment. J Fam. Theory Rev. Eidi R, Khanjani Z.
Attachment styles and other predictors of relationship satisfaction in dating couples
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References Result revealed that women were more than twice as likely to be current or former smokers; be regular consumers of alcohol, tea and ginseng and exercise regularly if their husbands had the same habit. It concluded that spouses share common lifestyle habits and health risks. Mohammadi et. Total people were selected as a sample by multistage random sampling.