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List of presidents of the Philippines - Wikipedia


The President of the Philippines Filipino : Pangulo ng Pilipinas , informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Spanish : Presidente de Filipinas is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. The President leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The President is directly elected by the people, and is one of only two nationally elected executive officials, the other being the Vice President of the Philippines. However, four vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having been elected to the office, by virtue of a president's intra-term death or resignation. Filipinos refer to their President as Pangulo or Presidente. The President serves a single, fixed, six-year term without possibility of re-election. On June 30, , Rodrigo Duterte was sworn in as the 16th and current president.

A new Constitution ratified on January 17, under the rule of Ferdinand E. Marcos introduced a parliamentary-style government. Marcos instituted himself as Prime Minister while serving as President in This Constitution was in effect until the People Power Revolution of toppled Marcos's year authoritarian regime and replaced him with Corazon C. Ruling by decree during the early part of her tenure and as a president installed by revolutionary means, President Corazon Aquino issued Proclamation No.

Often called the "Freedom Constitution," the proclamation retained only parts of the Constitution that were essential for a return to democratic rule, such as the bill of rights. This constitution was superseded on February 2, by the present constitution. Both Bonifacio and Aguinaldo might be considered to have been an inaugural president of an insurgent government. The government considers Aguinaldo to have been the first President of the Philippines, followed by Quezon and his successors.

For instance, the current president, Rodrigo R. Duterte, is considered to be the 16th president. While the government may consider Aguinaldo as the first president, the First Republic fell under the United States' jurisdiction due to the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish—American War ; the United States thus does not consider his tenure to have been legitimate.

Quezon is considered to be the first president by the United States. He is also the first to win a popular election and a nationwide election. As with many other Axis -occupied countries in the Second World War, the Philippines had at one point two presidents heading two governments.

One was Quezon and the Commonwealth government-in-exile in Washington, D. Notably, Laurel was himself instructed to remain in Manila by President Quezon. The inclusion of Laurel thus causes some problems in determining the order of presidents.

The President of the Philippines, being the chief executive, serves as both the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. The constitution vests the executive power with the president who consequently heads the government's executive branch, including the Cabinet and all executive departments.

The president has power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, and remit fines and forfeitures after conviction by final judgment, except in cases of impeachment.

The president can grant amnesty with the concurrence of the majority of all the Members of the Congress. The president also exercises general supervision over local government units.

With the consent of the Commission on Appointments, the president also appoints the heads of the executive departments, board of members and its leaders from any national government-related institutions, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, high-ranking officers of the armed forces, and other officials.

Such appointments do not need the approval of the Commission on Appointments.

Under the present Constitution of the Philippines, the President of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Pilipinas) is both the . The Spanish monarchy is represented by the Governor-General from to .. the correct date because it was when the nation was informed and thus the proclamation was put into full effect. Nang magkagayo'y ang Daniel na ito ay natangi sa mga pangulo at sa mga at nagpasalamat sa harap ng kaniyang Dios, gaya ng kaniyang dating ginagawa. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. Filipinos refer to their President as Pangulo or Presidente. . In April , the Spanish–American War broke out, and the Asiatic Squadron of the . His inclusion in the official list coincided with the transfer of the official date of.

Some government agencies report to no specific department but are instead under the Office of the President. Article 7, Section 2 of the Constitution reads: "No person may be elected President unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines, a registered voter, able to read and write, at least forty years of age on the day of the election, and a resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately preceding such election.

However, with the case of Joseph Estrada who was elected president indeposed inand again ran for the presidency inthe Constitution's wording where "[the] President shall not be eligible for any re-election" [29] remains unclear as his case was never brought to the Supreme Court. It remains unclear whether the term limit of no re-election applies only to the incumbent President or for any person who has been elected as President.

The President is elected by direct vote every six years, usually on the second Monday of May. The returns of every election for President and Vice President, duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city, shall be transmitted to Congress, directed to the President of the Senate. Upon receipt of the certificates of canvass, the President of the Senate shall open all the certificates in the presence of a joint public session of Congress not later than 30 days after election day.

Congress then canvasses the votes upon determining that the polls are authentic and were done in the manner provided by law. The person with the highest number of votes is declared the winner, but in case two or more have the highest number of votes, the President is elected by a majority of all members of both Houses, voting separately on each.

The President of the Philippines usually takes the Oath of Office at noon of June 30 following the Presidential election. Traditionally, the Vice President takes the Oath first, a little before noon.

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This is for two reasons: first, according to protocol, no one follows the President who is last due to his supremacyand second, to establish a constitutionally valid successor before the President-elect accedes. During the Quezon inauguration, however, the Vice President and the Legislature were sworn in after the President, to symbolise a new start. As soon as the President takes the Oath of Office, a gun salute is fired to salute the new head of state, and the Presidential Anthem Mabuhay is played.

The President then inducts the newly formed cabinet into office in one of the state rooms. Custom has enshrined three places as the traditional venue for the inauguration ceremony: Barasoain Church in Malolos CityBulacan ; in front of the old Legislative Building now part of the National Museum in Manila; or at Quirino Grandstandwhere most have been held.

She broke with precedent, reasoning that she wanted to celebrate her inauguration in each of the three main island groups of the Philippines: LuzonVisayasand Mindanao. In the past, elections were held in November and the President's inauguration was held on December 30 Rizal Day. This ensured that when the inauguration was usually held at Quirino Grandstandthe new President could see the Rizal Monument on the anniversary of his death. Ferdinand Marcos transferred the dates of both the elections and the inauguration to May and June, respectively, and it remains so to this day.

The dress code at the modern inaugural ceremony is traditional, formal Filipino clothing, which is otherwise loosely termed Filipiniana.

Ladies must wear ternobaro't saya the formal wear of other indigenous groups is permissiblewhile men don the Barong Tagalog. Non-Filipinos at the ceremony may wear their respective versions of formal dress, but foreign diplomats have often been seen donning Filipiniana as a mark of cultural respect. The Constitution provides the following oath or affirmation for the President and Vice President-elect which must be taken before they enter into office: [30].

Preserve and defend its Constitution, execute its laws, do justice to every man, and consecrate myself to the service of the Nation. So help me God. The Filipino text of the oath used for the inaugurations of Fidel V. Aquino III reads: [31]. Kasihan nawa ako ng Diyos. Impeachment in the Philippines follows procedures similar to the United States. The House of Representativesone of the houses of the bicameral Congress, has the exclusive power to initiate all cases of impeachment against the President, Vice Presidentmembers of the Supreme Courtmembers of the Constitutional Commissions and the Ombudsman.

In the Senate, selected members of the House of Representatives act as the prosecutors and the Senators act as judges with the Senate President and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court jointly presiding over the proceedings. Like the United States, to convict the official in question requires that a minimum of two-thirds i.

If an impeachment attempt is unsuccessful or the official is acquitted, no new cases can be filed against that impeachable official for at least one full year. The Constitution enumerates the culpable violation of the Constitution, treason, bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, and betrayal of public trust as grounds for the impeachment of the President. Joseph Ejercito Estrada was the first President to undergo impeachment when the House of Representatives voted to raise the impeachment proceedings to the Senate in However, the trial ended prematurely where anti-Estrada senators walked out of the impeachment sessions when Estrada's allies in the Senate voted narrowly to block the opening of an envelope which allegedly contained critical evidence on Estrada's wealth.

Estrada was later ousted from office when the EDSA Revolution forced him out of the presidential palace and when the Supreme Court confirmed that his leaving the palace was his de facto resignation from office. Several impeachment complaints were filed against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo but none reached the required endorsement of a third of the House of Representatives. The official title of the Philippine head of state and government is "President of the Philippines.

Laurel from the Commonwealth government-in-exile under President Manuel L. Marcos consistently referred to himself as "President of the Philippines. The State of the Nation Address abbreviated SONA is an annual event in the Philippines, in which the President of the Philippines reports on the status of the nationnormally to the resumption of a joint session of the Congress the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The Constitution originally set the president's term at six years, without re-election. Under the provisions of the amended document, only Presidents Manuel L. Quezon and Ferdinand E. Marcos were re-elected. Garcia and Diosdado Macapagal all failed in seeking a new term. However, ina new Constitution was promulgated and allowed then-incumbent President Marcos to seek a new term. InMarcos was again elected as President against Alejo Santos — making him the only President to be elected to a third term.

The Constitution restored the Constitution's original ban on presidential reelection. Under Article 7, Section 4 of the current constitution, the term of the President shall begin at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following the day of the election and shall end at noon of the same date, six years thereafter. The incumbent President is not eligible for re-election, even if non-consecutive.

Moreover, no president who serves more than four years of a presidential term is allowed to run or serve again. Under Article 7, Section 7 of the Constitution of the PhilippinesIn case the president-elect fails to qualify, the Vice President-elect shall act as President until the President-elect shall have qualified.

If at the beginning of the term of the President, the President-elect shall have died or shall have become permanently disabled, the Vice President-elect shall become President. Where no President and Vice President shall have been chosen or shall have qualified, or where both shall have died or become permanently disabled, the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall act as President until a President or a Vice President shall have been chosen and qualified.

Article 7, Sections 8 and 11 of the Constitution of the Philippines provide rules of succession to the presidency. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of the President, the Vice President will become the President to serve the unexpired term. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of both the President and Vice President; the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall then act as President until the President or Vice President shall have been elected and qualified.

The Congress shall, by law, provide who shall serve as President in case of death, permanent disability, or resignation of the Acting President. He shall serve until the President or the Vice President shall have been elected and qualified, and be subject to the same restrictions of powers and disqualifications as the Acting President. The Spanish Governor-General, the highest-ranking official in the Philippines during the Spanish Era, resided in the Palacio del Gobernador inside the walled city of Intramuros.

After his defeat in the Philippine—American WarAguinaldo transferred the Capital of the Philippines to different areas while he struggled in the pursuit of American Forces.

When the Americans occupied the Philippines, they also used the Palace as an official residence. During the Japanese Occupation of the Philippinesthe governmental offices and the presidential residence transferred to Baguio, and the Mansion House was used as the official residence.

After the restoration of independence, plans were made for the construction of a new capital city. Laurel Street in the district of San Miguel, Manila. Quezon as a rest house and venue for informal activities and social functions for the First Family. Macapagal renamed the rest house as Bahay Pangarap.

Under Fidel V. On occasion, the wing has also been tasked to provide transportation for other members of government, visiting heads of state, and other state guests. For trips outside of the Philippines, the Air Force employs a Bombardier Global Express or charters appropriate aircraft from the country's flag carrier, Philippine Airlines.

Tagalog to English

Pan Am later went defunct in For medium to long-haul flights, the airline's Boeing 's were used until their retirement in September The President sometimes charter private jets for domestic trips within the Philippines due to some airports in the Philippines having small runways. On board were eight people, including two Cabinet undersecretaries and several servicemen. The flight was en route to Ifugao from Baguio City as an advance party of President Macapagal-Arroyo, when the control tower at the now-defunct Loakan Airport lost communication with the craft several minutes after takeoff.

The Arroyo administration planned to buy another aircraft worth of about 1.

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The limousine bears the Flag of the Philippines and, occasionally, the Presidential Standard. For regional trips, the President boards a Toyota Coaster or Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa or other vehicles owned by government-owned and controlled corporations or government agencies.

In this case, the PSG escorts the President using local police cars with an ambulance at the tail of the convoy. The Palace has announced its interest to acquire a new Presidential limousine. The current President, Rodrigo Duterteprefers to utilize a white, bullet-proof armored Toyota Landcruiser as his official presidential vehicle instead of the "luxurious" Mercedes-Benz W S Guard, in his commitment to being the "People's President" [ citation needed ]. The Office of the President has also owned various cars over the decades, including a Chrysler Airflow that served as the country's very first presidential limousine for Manuel L.

They also provide protective service for visiting heads of state and diplomats. Unlike similar groups around the world who protect other political figures, the PSG is not required to handle presidential candidates. However, former Presidents and their immediate families are entitled to a small security detail from the PSG. After leaving office, a number of presidents held various public positions and made an effort to remain in the limelight.

Among other honors, former Presidents and their immediate families are entitled to seven soldiers as security detail. As of September [update]there are four living former Presidents:.

Fidel V. Ramos Served: — Age: Joseph Ejercito Estrada Served: — Age: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Served: — Age: Benigno S. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Head of state and of government of the Republic of the Philippines. Presidential Seal. Presidential Standard.

List of presidents of the Philippines

The position was created by an independent revolutionary state, the " Malolos Republic ", but was not recognized internationally. The Philippine government now recognizes the Malolos Republic as its predecessor state, which it also calls the First Philippine Republic. Therefore, the international community only recognizes the first Philippine presidency under the US-associated Commonwealth of the Philippines. Charter Change Laws and legal codes.

Constitutional commissions. Recent elections General: Political parties. Administrative divisions. Related topics. Foreign relations Human rights Taxation. Other countries Atlas. Main article: List of Presidents of the Philippines.

Retrieved July 6, November 8, Philippine Daily Inquirer.

Retrieved June 16, April 16, Schenectady Gazette. March 17, Archived from the original on May 27, December 30, Retrieved July 22, October 19, Toledo Blade. Manila: Block Communications. September 26, The Philippine Star. Retrieved June 21, Archived from the original on March 4, September 4, National Historical Commission of the Philippines. Retrieved July 23, Retrieved July 24, Archived from the original on March 23, November 16, Archived from the original on December 7, Retrieved July 21, — via Tumblr.

On the morning of April 17,Vice President Elpidio Quirino—fresh off a coast guard cutter from the Visayas —ascended the staircase to pay his respects to the departed President Manuel Roxas, and to take his oath of office as [p]resident of the Philippines.

The country had been without a [p]resident for two days. March 18, Petersburg Times. Manila: Times Publishing Company. February 26, Chicago Tribune.

DATING. English translation and explanation of the Filipino word dumating. Tagalog meaning is arrive or come Arrival ang dating pangulo. Wika nga sa sariling idyoma ng Filipino English “fired out”. naman ako sa Erap jokes tungkol sa diumano'y balu-baluktot na Ingles ng dating Pangulo. Pero sa. r/Philippines: A subreddit for the Philippines and all things Filipino!.

Manila: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved July 9, February 15, National Citizens' Movement for Free Elections. February 16, September 23, The transitional nature of the political system according to the Constitution was left undefined in view of the martial law government.

This constitution adopted a British-style parliamentary system. Retrieved June 25, Aquino III". Retrieved July 13, Agoncillo, Teodoro A. History of the Filipino People 3rd ed.

Malaya Books. University of Hawaii Press. Guevara, Sulpicio, ed. The laws of the first Philippine Republic the laws of Malolos — Compiled, edited, and translated into English by Sulpicio Guevara.

Manila: National Historical Institute published Tucker, Spencer, ed. Presidents of the Philippines. Emilio Aguinaldo.

Tagalog to English. Search Query: presidente. Best translation match: Tagalog, English. presidente. president;. Probably related with: Tagalog, English. Contextual translation of "dating pangulo" into English. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Nguni't may nagsilitaw din naman sa bayan na mga bulaang propeta, na gaya mga hukay ng kadiliman, upang ilaan sa paghuhukom; At ang dating sanglibutan natatakot na magsialipusta sa mga pangulo: Samantalang ang mga anghel.

Manuel L. Jose P. Garcia Diosdado Macapagal Ferdinand Marcos. Ferdinand Marcos. Ferdinand Marcos Corazon Aquino. Philippine presidential inaugurations. Aquino III Duterte Lists related to the presidents and vice presidents of the Philippines. List of presidents List of vice presidents. Previous executive experience Inaugurations. Education Province Religious affiliation. Tickets Former presidents who pursued public office.

Elections First ladies and gentlemen Currency appearances Unofficial presidents Longevity. Birth Age Death Time in office. Place of primary affiliation. Line of succession. Leaders of Southeast Asian countries. Categories : Lists of national presidents Lists of political office-holders in the Philippines Lists of Presidents of the Philippines Presidents of the Philippines.

Hidden categories: Pages using Timeline Articles containing Filipino-language text Pages with reference errors Pages with broken reference names CS1 errors: deprecated parameters CS1 errors: dates Use mdy dates from June Commons category link is on Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

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